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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

290                                                          AT
while lie   wields,  at the   same time, in   virtue of Ms  religions character,
an infiaenee which is absolutely unbounded amoBg his own people* and
very considerable in all classes of Hindu society. IE the official world^ how-
ever, lie is barely known even by name? as Ms estates are too "well managed
to bring him before the Coarts, and he is still so far fettered by the traditions
of Ms order that lie declines all social Intercourse with Europeans^ even of
the highest rank: so mnch so, that -when the L3eaienanfc*Governor of these
Provinces visited the station In 1813, and being unaware of this peculiarity >
expressed in writing a desire to see Mm, the invi nation was not accepted.
Xlae compliment was prompted by the Gosain's anneal gift of a prize of
Ba. 300 for tiie sra-ient who passes first IE the general Entrance Examination
for the Calcutta University ; a donation which, nader the circumstances,
csumGi have been suggested by any ulterior motive beyond a genuine desire for
the furtherance of education. He lias since converted It into a permanent
endowment. In the same spirit^ though he makes no claim to any Mgh
degree of scholarship himself, lie lias maintained for some years past in the
city of Mathtxxa a Sanskrit seiooly which is attended by a large namlber of
adults as well as boys, for whom lie has secured very competent teachers.
He has »!so contributed freely to the Gtokul new school and—as a farther
proof of the liberality of his seniiments—he gaye Bs. 400 towards the erection
of the              Church.
At att ihe Vallabh&ch&rya temples^ the dally services are eight in number—
ink, 1st, Mangak, the morning !evees a little after sna-risej when the God is
taken from his couch and baihed; 2nd? Sringara? am hour snd-a-li^f later, wiien
ihe Gkxi is attired in all Ms jewels and seated on his tfiroae ; 3rd^ Gwala? after
an iaterĄ»l of about three-quarters of an hour, when the God is supposed to be
to graze Ms cattle in the woods of Bra] ; 4th, Saj Bfeog, the mid-day
meal, which, after presentation, is consumed by the priests and distributed
am«ag the             who have assisted at the ceremonies ; 5thy Uttapan^ about
3 P. *., when the God awakes from his siesta ;   6th,  Bhog, the eTeaing
; 7di, Saodhy4, tke disrobing at sunset; and 8th, Sayan, the retiring
to rest.    Upon ail these occasions the ritual   concerns only  the priests^ and
&e ky worshipper is sir^piy a spectator,          evinces  Ms reverses by
mny of tite ordinary forms with which lie would approach a human superior,
On the foil moon of Asarh there is a curious annual ceremony for the par-
of                   the agricultural prospects of the year*    The priests place
of the          of differeat staples, after weighing them, in the sane-